Consuming a variety of key nutrients from different foods is essential for optimum health and bodily function. Diverse diets are important because:
Each vitamin contributes to different physiological activities. A varied diet helps tissues and organs grow, repair, and maintain health.
Nutrients may prevent chronic diseases. A diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains lowers the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers.
A varied diet supports a healthy gut microbiota. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains include prebiotic fibers that support gut bacteria and digestive health.
Variety of nutrient-dense foods helps maintain energy balance. This helps maintain a healthy weight and provides energy for daily activities and exercise.
Vitamins A, C, and E, zinc, and biotin help maintain healthy skin, hair, and nails. Diverse diets provide a variety of nutrients.